Information Desk || The British Monarchy Jan 7, 2021 21:15:49 GMT
Post by Rt Hon Elizabeth Somerset on Jan 7, 2021 21:15:49 GMT
The British MonarchyThe monarchy of United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British Monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories. The Monarch's title is "King" (male) or "Queen" (female).
The monarch and their immediate family undertake various official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties. As the monarchy is constitutional, the monarch is limited to the types of functions they can partake in. The monarch is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, although this function is normally exercised by the Chief of the General Staff in the Monarch's name.
Constitutional RoleThe monarch can be seen as having two roles: Head of State, and 'Head of the Nation'. As Head of State, the Monarch undertakes constitutional and representational duties which have developed over years of history.
There are inward duties, with the Monarch playing a part in State functions. The Houses of Parliament must be opened with the Government’s political agenda announced, Orders-in-Council have to be approved, Acts of Parliament have to be reviewed and Assented too, the Armed Forces to be commanded, meetings of the Privy Council to be attended and meetings with the Prime Minister and Leaders of the Devolved Administrations must be held.
There are also outward duties of State when the Monarch represents United Kingdom to the rest of the world. For example, the Monarch receives foreign ambassadors and high commissioners, entertains visiting Heads of State, and makes State visits overseas to other regions, in support of diplomatic and economic relations.
As 'Head of the Nation', the Monarch's role is less formal but no less important for the social and cultural functions it fulfils. These include; providing a focus for national identity, unity and pride; giving a sense of stability and continuity; recognising success, achievement and excellence; and supporting service to others, particularly through public service and the voluntary sector. These roles are performed through different types of engagements. By means of regular visits through every part of the region, the Monarch is able to act as a focus for national unity and identity.
The Monarch is able to recognise success and achievement in a personal way. These include honours, awards, visits, patronage and sponsorship. At Investitures, for example, The Monarch honours individuals for public service or outstanding achievement. The Monarch also chooses to host garden parties to which guests from all backgrounds are invited, most of whom are nominated by charities or public sector organisations for their service to their communities.
Monarchy and the Armed ForcesThe Sovereign is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. The Sovereign is the only person with the power and authority to declare war and peace, although this must be approved by the House of Commons. During peace, the Sovereign mainly performs ceremonial roles, such as Inspecting the Troop, attending a very small amount of Passing Out Parades, bestowing new colours to regiments and promoting members of the forces to new ranks.